History of Cosa Nostra,from the genesis to the prohibited treaty.
- History of Cosa Nostra,from the genesis to the prohibited treaty.
Translated by Daria Evangelista
“The Mafia is not invincible. It is a human fact and, like all human facts, it has a beginning, and it will also have an end. But we must realize that it is a very serious phenomenon and that you can’t win it claiming heroism on unarmed citizens, but engaging in this battle all the best forces of the institutions. ”
These words are as heavy as boulders. They belong to the character that allows me to start (Almost from the end) this troubled path, but certainly fascinating, about the genesis and evolution of the Italian Mafia that until a few years ago held the highest power and devastated the state, who grew up with it, among clear choices against it and others full of contradictions. It must be known, the Sicilian Mafia, which we will call from now Cosa Nostra, still hasn’t finished its course. It was, and it remains, a cancer to be eradicated with decision and following, as much as possible, the wise words that introduce this great little story. But next to it the Calabrian criminal organization (the ‘Ndrangheta) and the one of Campania-Naples (the Camorra) have become increasingly important, obscuring their terrible elderly sister, the first that has come of age in terms of relations with the state power and with the national and international economy.
Giovanni Falcone, who inspires this introduction with its illuminating reflection, is murdered by Cosa Nostra May 23rd 1992, with his wife Francesca Morvillo and the escort, composed of the young agents Vito Schifani, Rocco Dicillo and Antonio Montinaro. The stretch of highway that links the airport of Punta Raisi (now Airport ‘Falcone e Borsellino’) in Palermo, near the junction of Capaci, suddenly explodes at 17:58, distructed by 500 kg of TNT. To press the button that will trigger the media, judicial and political storm a few hours later, is the current ex mafia member Giovanni Brusca, helped by a clear point of reference on the place of the massacre: a white fridge on a side of the A29, a metaphorical terminus of the powerful anti-Mafia work of the sicilian magistrate.
The decision to start from the figure of Falcon responds to a precise logic that is to describe the history of a criminal organization by encouraging the readers with the most powerful example of one who, more than anyone, has helped to shed light on the structural, attitudinal and ‘moral’ aspects that support the more-than-ten-years activity of Cosa Nostra. Falcone and his famous antimafia pool have outlined and widespread the skeleton of the organization that has allowed the Cosa Nostra to achieve goals that are too ambitious for any other criminal association. For this reason the magistrate assassinated 19 years ago represents a turning point in the fight against the mafia. Its activities, its achievements and its legal laws and moral intuitions have represented, for those who commit themselves to obstruct the growth of mafias, a point of reference, a previous monument, something so strong that not even the least of the counter-healthy institutions have managed to blur.
Is this uplifting consciousness, the intrinsic cyclical nature of the mafia system, that, having had a beginning, will also have an end, which allows us to look at the stories of the Mafia with a point of view that is different from the usual one. If before we had a big fear, now we can have also a big hope that, in contexts like these, is accompanied by more specific concepts. Among these there are the words and the stories. Speaking of the Mafia is to fight the Mafia itself. To put out of the dark the obscure mechanisms of its action is equivalent to harass its original structure: the conspiracy of silence.
In memory of Giovanni Falcone and his daily struggle, it’s possible to start with courage this difficult historical and journalistic effort. The birth and growth of the Cosa Nostra will accompany us every Tuesday, in an escalation of murders, collusion and dirty business that rewind the history of the united Italy, from the first trial of Mafia to the disarming negotiations between the state and the Mafia, suggested by more than one magistrate.